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Mingye Wang (Artoria2e5)

204 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by Mingye Wang (Arthur2e5) 204 days ago
'''沙奎那維'''({{lang|en|saquinavir}}商品名'''Invirase'''和'''Fortovase''',為一種[[抗反轉錄病毒藥物]],可與其他藥物合併治療[[愛滋病]][1]。通常會與{{le|ritonavir|ritonavir}}或[[快利佳]]合併使用,該藥屬於口服藥物[1]
Mingye (
  •  le 有一點很煩,就是得重複兩次。
 
203 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by Mingye Wang (Artoria2e5) 203 days ago
陰部神經會經過閉孔內肌上的陰部管。1836年,愛爾蘭解剖學家班傑明·阿爾科克首次描述陰部管,故該管又稱阿爾科克氏管(Alcock's canal)
 
191 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by Mingye Wang (Artoria2e5) 191 days ago
 
 
Mingye (
  •  引言部分已有 RTTS 摘要翻译。
yijuamychen
  • Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, are methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy.[1]Planning, provision and use of birth control is called family planning.[2][3] Safe sex, such as the use of male or female condoms, can also help prevent sexually transmitted infections.[4][5] Birth control methods have been used since ancient times, but effective and safe methods only became available in the 20th century.[6] Some cultures deliberately limit access to birth control because they consider it to be morally or politically undesirable.[6]
  • In teenagers, pregnancies are at greater risk of poor outcomes. Comprehensive sex education and access to birth control decreases the rate of unwanted pregnancies in this age group.[10][11] While all forms of birth control may be used by young people,[12] long-acting reversible birth control such as implants, IUDs, or vaginal rings are of particular benefit in reducing rates of teenage pregnancy.[11] After the delivery of a child, a woman who is not exclusively breastfeeding may become pregnant again after as few as four to six weeks. Some methods of birth control can be started immediately following the birth, while others require a delay of up to six months. In those who are breast feeding progestin-only methods are preferred over combined oral contraceptives. In those who have reached menopause it is recommended that birth control be continued for one year after the last period.[12]
  • About 222 million women who want to avoid pregnancy in developing countries are not using a modern birth control method.[13][14] Birth control use in developing countries has decreased the number of maternal deaths by 40% (about 270,000 deaths prevented in 2008) and could prevent 70% if the full demand for birth control were met.[15][16] By lengthening the time between pregnancies, birth control can improve adult women's delivery outcomes and the survival of their children.[15] In the developing world women's earnings, assets, weight, and their children's schooling and health all improve with greater access to birth control.[17] Birth control increases economic growth because of fewer dependent children, more women participating in the workforce, and less consumption of scarce resources.[17][18]
 
158 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by Mingye Wang (Artoria2e5) 158 days ago
'''雷尼替丁'''({{lang|en|Ranitidine}}),常用商品名'''Zantac'''。為降低[[胃酸]]分泌的藥物<ref name=AHFS2015/>,通常用於治療[[胃及十二指肠潰瘍]]及[[胃食管反流病]]<ref name=AHFS2015/> 。此外,該藥或許能改善[[荨麻疹]]的症狀<ref>{{cite journal|last1=Fedorowicz|first1=Z|last2=van Zuuren|first2=EJ|last3=Hu|first3=N|title=Histamine H2-receptor antagonists for urticaria.|journal=The Cochrane database of systematic reviews|date=14 March 2012|volume=3|pages=CD008596|pmid=22419335}}</ref>。本品可經口服、{{tsl|en|intramuscular|肌肉注射}},或[[靜脈注射]]給藥<ref name=AHFS2015/> 。
 
雷尼替丁最早於1976年由葛蘭素製藥(Glaxo Pharmaceuticals)發現,現屬於[[葛蘭素史克]]的一部分<ref>{{cite book|last1=Fischer|first1=Janos|title=Analogue-based Drug Discovery II|date=2010|publisher=John Wiley & Sons|page=4|isbn=9783527632121|url=https://books.google.ca/books?id=h2Kd8ci4Ln8C&pg=PA4}}</ref><ref>{{cite book|last1=Hara|first1=Takuji|title=Innovation in the pharmaceutical industry the process of drug discovery and development|date=2003|publisher=Edward Elgar|location=Cheltenham, U.K.|isbn=9781843765660|page=94|url=https://books.google.ca/books?id=aYP-AQAAQBAJ&pg=PA94}}</ref>。本品列名於[[世界卫生组织基本药物标准清单]]之中,為基礎公衛體系必備藥物之一<ref>{{cite web|title=WHO Model List of EssentialMedicines|url=http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/93142/1/EML_18_eng.pdf?ua=1|work=World Health Organization|accessdate=22 April 2014|date=October 2013}}</ref> xxxx為學名藥。<ref name=AHFS2015/>。本品批發價每顆約位於0.01至0.05美金之間<ref>{{cite web|title=Ranitidine|url=http://erc.msh.org/dmpguide/resultsdetail.cfm?language=english&code=RAN150T&s_year=2014&year=2014&str=150%20mg&desc=Ranitidine&pack=new&frm=TAB-CAP&rte=PO&class_code2=17%2E1%2E&supplement=&class_name=%2817%2E1%2E%29Antiulcer%20medicines%3Cbr%3E|website=International Drug Price Indicator Guide|accessdate=1 December 2015}}</ref>。美國境內一劑約需0.05美金<ref name=AHFS2015/>。
 
195 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by Mingye Wang (Artoria2e5) 195 days ago
鋰化合物的常見副作用有[[多尿症|多尿]]、手抖、口乾等。嚴重者有[[甲狀腺機能低下症]]、[[尿崩症]]與[[#過量|鋰中毒]]。因此建議監測血中濃度,降低中毒風險。如果血液中鋰濃度過高,可能出現腹瀉、嘔吐、協調不良、嗜睡、[[耳鸣]]。[[妊娠|孕婦]]使用鋰化合物可能造成胎兒發育問題。[[母乳餵養|哺乳期]]婦女服用則似無問題。
Mingye (
鋰化合物屬一種{{tsl|en|mood stabilizer|情緒穩定劑}}。尚不明確這類藥物的作用機理。
  •  <ref name=AHFS2015/> 
 
195 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by Mingye Wang (Artoria2e5) 195 days ago
“奧美拉唑”, '''Prilosec''' 等品牌名称销售, 是一种<ref name=AHFS2015/>口服药物<ref name=AHFS2015/>用以治疗 [[胃食管反流病]][[胃及十二指肠潰瘍]]{{tsl|en|Zollinger–Ellison syndrome}}<ref name=AHFS2015>{{cite web|title=Omeprazole|url=http://www.drugs.com/monograph/omeprazole.html|publisher=The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists|accessdate=Dec 1, 2015}}</ref> 它同时也用于{{tsl|upper gastrointestinal bleeding}}高危人群的預防性治療
 

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