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Chris Cheng-Hui Chang

187 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by Chris Cheng-Hui Chang 187 days ago
損傷 Damage 
The pudendal nerve can be compressed or stretched, resulting in temporary or permanent neuropathy. Irreversible nerve injury may occur when nerves are stretched by 12% or more of their normal length.[6]:655 If the pelvic floor is over-stretched, acutely (e.g. prolonged or difficult childbirth) or chronically (e.g. chronic straining during defecation caused by constipation), the pudendal nerve is vulnerable to stretch-induced neuropathy.[6]:655 Pudendal nerve entrapment, also known as Alcock canal syndrome, is very rare and is associated with professional cycling.[18] Systemic diseases such as diabetes and multiple sclerosis can damage the pudendal nerve via demyelination or other mechanisms.[6]:37 A pelvic tumor (most notably a large sacrococcygeal teratoma), or surgery to remove the tumor, can also cause permanent damage.[19]
Unilateral pudendal nerve neuropathy inconsistently causes fecal incontinence in some, but not others. This is because crossover innervation of the external anal sphincter occurs in some individuals.[6]:34
 
Chris C 陰部神經可能會被壓縮或是伸展,造成暫時或是永久的[[神经病_(神经系统疾病)|神經病變]]。若陰部神經拉伸了原來長度的12%,可能會造成不可逆的神經受損[6]:655。若盆腔底急性過度拉伸(例如滯產或是難產)或慢性過度拉伸(因[[便秘]]造成[[排便]]時的慢性拉伸),可能會讓陰部神經出現拉伸造成的神經病變[6]:655。{{le|陰部神經卡壓|Pudendal nerve entrapment}}也稱為Alcock canal syndrome,是非常少見的疾病,多半發生在職業的[[自行车运动|自行車選手]]身上[18]。像[[糖尿病]]及[[多发性硬化症]]等系統性疾病也可能透過{{le|脫髓鞘病|Demyelinating disease}}或是其他機制使陰部神經受損[6]:37。骨盆腔的腫瘤(最著名的是大型的{{le|骶尾部畸胎瘤|Sacrococcygeal teratoma}})或是去除腫瘤的手術都可能造成神經永久的受損[19]。若單側的陰部神經病變可能會造成[[糞便失禁]],但也有例外。
 
Chris C
  •  This is because crossover innervation of the external anal sphincter occurs in some individuals不知如何翻譯了
 
 
524 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by Chris Cheng-Hui Chang 524 days ago
Chris C 在條目的討論頁選編輯原始碼,輸入以下內容,按顯示預覽看是否有誤,然後按下方的儲存編輯
 
{{translated page|en|(英文維基原本翻譯條目)}}
{{MEDTRANS|(貢獻者)|(整合者維基百科ID)}}
{{WSOTK|(日期)|[[meta:Wikimedia_Taiwan/Wiki_Seed_Of_Taiwan_Knowledge/Meetup04|醫藥保健專題小組]]|(貢獻者)}}
 
以下即為一個例子
編輯結果如下,可能會有其他的模版,但會顯示以下的三個模版
 
 
 
點選標題的連結,找到這次整合的條目(應該會是白色底色的部份)
 
 
更新後的翻譯進度會如下所示
 
 
181 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by Chris Cheng-Hui Chang 181 days ago
Chris C 2017/2/17 已整合到中文維基
 
196 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by Chris Cheng-Hui Chang 196 days ago
Chris C
  • 還有[TODO]的項目嗎? 好像已經翻好了
 
 
200 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by Mingye Wang (Arthur2e5) 200 days ago
'''流行性腦脊髓膜炎疫苗'''指任何一種可以防止[[腦膜炎雙球菌|腦脊髓膜炎雙球菌]]感染的[[疫苗]][1]。 許多種不同疫苗均可以防止幾型或者全部型的腦脊髓膜炎雙球菌: A型,C型,W135型,與Y型。 疫苗在接種後的兩年內有效率可達百分之八十五至百分之百[1]。若在人群中廣泛施打,它可以減少人群患有[[流行性腦脊髓膜炎]]及[[敗血病]]的患病人數[2][3]。流行性腦脊髓膜炎疫苗可通過[[肌肉注射]]或[[皮下注射]]施打[1]
 
[[世界衛生組織]]建議中度或高度[[腦膜炎]]發生率的國家,或是頻繁爆發相關疾情的國家要有{{le|接種計劃|Vaccination schedule|計劃接種}}[1][4]。若是發生率較低的國家,也建議高風險群要接種疾苗[1]。在{{le|
非洲腦膜炎地帶|African meningitis belt}}已針對1至13歲的兒童及青少年,要接種A型腦脊髓膜炎雙球菌疾苗,目前有一個{{le|結合疫苗|Conjugate vaccine}}計劃正在進行[4]。在美國及加拿大會建議青少年及其他高風險群接種對四型病菌都有效的疾苗[1],若是要前往[[麥加]]或是要[[朝覲 (伊斯蘭教)|朝覲]],也建議接種疾苗[1]。一般而言疾苗是安全的,有些人會在注射後會有疾痛及注射部份紅腫的情形[1]。孕婦接種目前來看也是安全的[4]。在一百萬劑疾苗接種中,出現[[全身型過敏性反應]]的少於一起[1]。 
Mingye (
  •  注意連接文字有時會和連接文章標題不同,在使用 le 時要小心。這樣做經常是為了語句通順,或避免「過多行話」(英文那邊把首段的可讀性看得很重)。
 
The first meningococcal vaccine became available in the 1970s.[5] It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most important medication needed in a basic health system.[6] The wholesale cost is between 3.23 and 10.77 USD per dose as of 2014.[7] In the United States it costs 100 to 200 USD for a course.[8]
 
第一流行性腦脊髓膜炎疫苗在1970年代開放施打。此疫苗被列在世界衛生組織的必要藥品清單中,基礎衛生系統所需的重要藥品之一。2014年時,每劑流行性腦脊髓膜炎疫苗的批發價格約介於3.23至10.77美金,在美國整個疫苗接種療程需花費100至200美金。
Reke W
  • 以上翻譯來自臉書的 Glyn Liu ,移動時請標註
Mingye (
  • 把「在美國」提前,看看能不能提前指出對比
 

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