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572 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by Chris Cheng-Hui Chang 572 days ago
本 Hackpad 是臺灣維基媒體社群討論聚會舉辦計畫、維基百科等相關計畫編寫協作討論、大型臺灣維基媒體計畫相關活動舉辦的討論集中區。 

90 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by 上官良治 90 days ago
上官良治 已將本頁面移動至中文維基
黃瑞霖 Q: 如果今天有不會的單字要去哪裡查?如果國教院沒有提供相關的翻譯該怎麼辦?
 
A: 其實有些譯名上google搜尋可以找到,而那些字才是我們比較常用的單字,官方譯名其實反而不一定常用。我認為如果今天是翻譯文章,盡量使用官方譯名,因為那個可能會被引用,而且沒有快速閱讀的問題。但今天如果是字幕翻譯的話,我會希望使用一個簡潔且到位的譯名。像薈軒今天說的arbovirus,國教院給的名字是「節足動物攜帶性病毒」,這樣的翻譯固然精準,但很明顯並不適合放在字幕中。我建議使用「蟲媒病毒」來取代,或許並不那麼精確,但它是最好的選項。就我的經驗,學習選擇一個譯名是一個很棒的學習,而如果有人能夠糾正自己,那是更好的經驗。所以我建議同學遇到不會的單字,先自己尋找譯名,用引號框起來,我們會再做修正和解答。
 
 
90 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by 上官良治 90 days ago
上官良治 已將本頁面移動至中文維基
前言:各位同學好,我是黃馨弘, Aaron, 感謝周老師跟瑞霖給我這個機會來跟大家談談關於醫學翻譯的一些心得。大家有任何的問題都請隨時在臉書對話框中發問,不用客氣。
 
90 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by 上官良治 90 days ago
91 days ago
104 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by 君天空 104 days ago
翼狀贅肉 Pterygium
 
翼狀贅肉指一種生長於[[眼角膜]]之上的粉紅色三角形組織[2] ,通常始於靠近鼻樑的眼角膜[3] ,翼狀贅肉生長極慢且常見於雙眼[5],但通常不會長得大到足以遮蔽[[瞳孔]][2]
 
104 days ago
Unfiled. Edited by Krystal H.C. , 君天空 104 days ago
'''Hives''' also known as '''urticaria''', is a kind of [[skin rash]] with red, raised, itchy bumps.<ref name=NIH2016>{{cite web|title=Hives|url=https://medlineplus.gov/hives.html|accessdate=10 August 2016}}</ref> They may also burn or sting.<!-- <ref name=Jaf2015/> --> Often the patches of rash move around.<!-- <ref name=Jaf2015/> --> Typically they last a few days and do not leave any long lasting skin changes.<!-- <ref name=Jaf2015/> --> Less than 5% of cases last for more than six weeks.<!-- <ref name=Jaf2015/> --> The condition frequently recurs.<ref name=Jaf2015>{{cite journal|last1=Jafilan|first1=L|last2=James|first2=C|title=Urticaria and Allergy-Mediated Conditions.|journal=Primary care|date=December 2015|volume=42|issue=4|pages=473-83|pmid=26612369}}</ref>
 
Krystal H <!-- 定義與症狀  -->
Aaron K '''蕁麻疹'''(hives),或稱urticaria一種[[皮疹]],會有又紅又腫的癢癢腫塊,<ref name=NIH2016>{{cite web|title=Hives|url=https://medlineplus.gov/hives.html|accessdate=10  August 2016}}</ref>通常腫塊也會灼熱或刺痛。<!-- <ref  name=Jaf2015/> --> 一片腫塊通常會蔓延。 <!--  <ref name=Jaf2015/> --> 普通的腫塊會持續數日,但不會對皮膚留下長遠的影響,<!-- <ref  name=Jaf2015/> --> 僅有5%的病例會持續超過六週,<!-- <ref name=Jaf2015/> --> 蕁麻疹經常復發,<ref name=Jaf2015>{{cite  journal|last1=Jafilan|first1=L|last2=James|first2=C|title=Urticaria and  Allergy-Mediated Conditions.|journal=Primary care|date=December  2015|volume=42|issue=4|pages=473-83|pmid=26612369}}</ref>
 
<!-- Cause and diagnosis -->
Hives  frequently occur following an infection or as a result of an [[allergic  reaction]] such as to medication, [[insect bite]]s, or food.<ref  name=Jaf2015/> [[Psychological stress]], cold temperature, or  vibration may also be a trigger.<ref name=NIH2016/><ref  name=Jaf2015/> In half of cases the cause remains unknown.<ref  name=Jaf2015/> Risk factors include having conditions such as [[hay  fever]] or [[asthma]].<ref>{{cite  book|last1=Zuberbier|first1=Torsten|last2=Grattan|first2=Clive|last3=Maurer|first3=Marcus|title=Urticaria  and Angioedema|date=2010|publisher=Springer Science & Business  Media|isbn=9783540790488|page=38|url=https://books.google.ca/books?id=kzWdXE4VsfsC&pg=PA38|language=en}}</ref>  Diagnosis is typically based on the appearance.<!-- <ref  name=Jaf2015/ -->> [[Patch testing]] may be useful to determine  the allergy.<ref name=Jaf2015/>
 
Krystal H <!-- 病因與診斷  -->
Aaron K 蕁麻疹常見發生於感染或發生於[[過敏反應]]後,例如用藥、 [[insect bite(蚊蟲叮咬)]],或飲食引起。<ref name=Jaf2015/> [[Psychological stress(心理壓力)]]、氣溫過低或震動都可能是引發蕁麻疹的起因。<ref name=NIH2016/><ref name=Jaf2015/> 有一半以上病例的病因尚未明朗,<ref name=Jaf2015/> 危險因素包含[[過敏性鼻炎]]或[[氣喘]]<ref>{{cite   book|last1=Zuberbier|first1=Torsten|last2=Grattan|first2=Clive|last3=Maurer|first3=Marcus|title=Urticaria  and Angioedema|date=2010|publisher=Springer Science & Business  Media|isbn=9783540790488|page=38|url=https://books.google.ca/books?id=kzWdXE4VsfsC&pg=PA38|language=en}}</ref> 確診通常是基於目測病徵,<!-- <ref name=Jaf2015/ -->> 可能有效的確診過敏方式為使用[[patch testing(皮膚斑點試驗)]] <ref name=Jaf2015/>
 
<!-- Prevention and treatment -->
Prevention is by avoiding whatever it is that causes the condition.<!-- <ref name=Jaf2015/> --> Treatment is typically with [[antihistamines]] such as [[diphenhydramine]] and [[ranitidine]].<!-- <ref name=Jaf2015/> --> In severe cases [[corticosteroids|steroids]] or [[leukotriene inhibitors]] may also be used.<!-- <ref name=Jaf2015/> --> Keeping the environmental temperature cool is also useful.<!-- <ref name=Jaf2015/> --> For cases that last more than six weeks [[immunosuppressants]] like [[cyclosporine]] may be used.<ref name=Jaf2015/>
 
<!-- 預防與治療 -->
預防蕁麻疹的方式是避開任何可能導致蕁麻枕的肇因。<!-- <ref  name=Jaf2015/> --> 典型的治療方式是使用[[抗組織胺藥]]像是[[苯海拉明]] [[雷尼替丁]]<!-- <ref  name=Jaf2015/> -->嚴重的病例可能要使用 [[皮質類固醇]] or  [[leukotriene inhibitors(白三烯拮抗劑)]]<!-- <ref  name=Jaf2015/> --> Keeping the environmental temperature cool is  also useful.<!-- <ref name=Jaf2015/> -->超過六週的病例可能要使用[[immunosuppressants(免疫抑製劑)]][[環孢素]]<ref name=Jaf2015/>
 
<!-- Epidemiology and culture -->
About 20% of people are affected.<ref name=Jaf2015/> Cases of short duration occur equally in males and females while cases of long duration are more common in females.<!-- <ref name=Gri2016/> --> Cases of short duration or more common among children while cases of long duration are more common among those who are middle aged.<!-- <ref name=Gri2016/> --> Hives have been described at least since the time of [[Hippocrates]].<ref name=Gri2016>{{cite book|last1=Griffiths|first1=Christopher|last2=Barker|first2=Jonathan|last3=Bleiker|first3=Tanya|last4=Chalmers|first4=Robert|last5=Creamer|first5=Daniel|title=Rook's Textbook of Dermatology, 4 Volume Set|date=2016|publisher=John Wiley & Sons|isbn=9781118441176|page=Chapter 42.3|edition=9|url=https://books.google.ca/books?id=EyypCwAAQBAJ&pg=SA42-PA3|language=en}}</ref> The term urticaria is from the [[Latin]] ''urtica'' meaning "nettle".<ref>{{cite book|title=A Dictionary of Entomology|date=2011|publisher=CABI|isbn=9781845935429|page=1430|url=https://books.google.ca/books?id=9IcmCeAjp6cC&pg=PA1430|language=en}}</ref>
 
Krystal H <!-- 病理學與文化 -->
Aaron K 大約20%的人會蕁麻疹,<ref name=Jaf2015/> 男性和女性短暫得蕁麻疹的機率一樣,但得病時間較長的機率中,女性高於男性;<!-- <ref name=Gri2016/> --> 短暫得到蕁麻疹在孩童比較常見,而中年人士常見得較長時間的蕁麻疹,<!--  <ref name=Gri2016/> --> 最早关于蕁麻疹的文字記載是在[[希波克拉底]]時代的。<ref name=Gri2016>{{cite  book|last1=Griffiths|first1=Christopher|last2=Barker|first2=Jonathan|last3=Bleiker|first3=Tanya|last4=Chalmers|first4=Robert|last5=Creamer|first5=Daniel|title=Rook's  Textbook of Dermatology, 4 Volume Set|date=2016|publisher=John Wiley  & Sons|isbn=9781118441176|page=Chapter 42.3|edition=9|url=https://books.google.ca/books?id=EyypCwAAQBAJ&pg=SA42-PA3|language=en}}</ref>  “Urticaria"這個詞來自[[拉丁語]]urtica,指蕁麻  "nettle".<ref>{{cite book|title=A Dictionary of  Entomology|date=2011|publisher=CABI|isbn=9781845935429|page=1430|url=https://books.google.ca/books?id=9IcmCeAjp6cC&pg=PA1430|language=en}}</ref>
 

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